Prime Minister Narendra Modi will commission India’s first Scorpene class submarine, Kalvari, into the Indian Navy in Mumbai on Thursday, officially inducting it into the Navy’s ageing submarine fleet and marking an advancement in submarine operations amid regular Chinese naval presence in the Indian Ocean.
Modi will undertake a visit of the submarine after commissioning it at the Naval Dockyard, in the presence of defence minister Nirmala Sitharaman and senior naval officers, a PMO statement on Wednesday said.
Commissioning is a ceremony that will officially make the submarine part of the Navy and the name ‘INS’ would be prefixed to the name. The Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders delivered Kalvari on September 21to the Navy after successfully completing all trials.
The submarine is equipped with state of art technology, including superior stealth features such as “advanced acoustic silencing techniques”, low radiated noise and the ability to launch a crippling attack on the enemy using precision guided weapons. “The attack can be launched with both torpedoes and tube launched anti-ship missiles, while underwater or from surface,” according to manufacturer. Kalvari marks a generational shift in submarine operations.
Scorpene submarines can undertake varied missions such as anti-surface and antisubmarine warfare, intelligence gathering and mine laying. The strengthening of this capability will be important due to the PLA Navy ships and submarine deployments in the Indian Ocean Region every year.
It was launched in January 2017. The third Scorpene, Karanj, is being readied for launch. In October 2005, the contract for the construction and Transfer of Technology for six Scorpene submarines was signed between French defence major, Naval Group, and MDL.
This ongoing programme is called Project-75 and is part of a ’30-Year Plan for Indigenous Submarine Construction’ approved by the Cabinet Committee on Security in 1999. The follow on next generation submarine program called Project 75 (I) was also started in July. Six more submarines are to be produced as per programme